Vitiligo Treatment in Dubai : Check Vitiligo Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Cost & Treatment Details of Vitiligo Treatment in Dubai UAE. Best Dermatology Clinics in Dubai for Vitiligo Treatment.
Vitiligo Treatment in Dubai : Check Vitiligo symptoms, signs, causes, cost & treatment details of Vitiligo treatment in Dubai UAE. Best dermatology clinics in Dubai for Vitiligo treatment. Vitiligo is a rare skin disorder characterized by patches on your skin due to loss of skin colour in blotches.
Vitiligo can also affect your eyes, mouth, and nose. It occurs when melanocytes die or stop functioning. Melanocytes are the melanin-producing cells located in your skin. Melanin is a pigment that is responsible for your skin colour. Melanin protects your body from harmful ultraviolet radiation.
The prevalence of vitiligo ranges from 0.4 to 2.0 percent worldwide. The rate and severity of color loss in patients with vitiligo is unpredictable. Vitiligo is not a life-threatening condition and it is not contagious. The treatment for vitiligo may improve the appearance of the affected skin but does not cure the disease.
Types of vitiligo
There are two different types of vitiligo, segmental and non-segmental.
Segmental vitiligo : It has different forms and spreads more rapidly. It affects only one part of the body such as the face or one limb.
Non-segmental vitiligo : It is the most common type of vitiligo, and 90 % of people are affected with this disorder. The patches appear symmetrically on the skin which is exposed to the sun. Mostly, they appear on the back of your hands, arms, eyes, knees, elbows, and mouth.
Signs and Symptoms of Vitiligo
The primary symptom of vitiligo is the discoloration of the skin (light or white patches on your skin). The other signs and symptoms include:
- Graying of the hair on scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, or beard
- Loss of color in the inner linings of your mouth and nose
- Change in color of the eyeball (retina)
- Discolored patches near the armpits, navel, genitals and rectum
- It can affect the individuals of any age, but most commonly occurs before the age 20.
The exact cause of vitiligo is unclear. However, it is believed that vitiligo may occur as a result of autoimmune response, which means, your body affects its own cells. It occurs when your body mechanisms destroy the melanocytes. In some cases, it may be due to genetic mutations or may be hereditary.
The autoimmune diseases associated with vitiligo include alopecia, hyperthyroidism, Addison’s disease, and pernicious anemia.
Your doctor starts the diagnosis by a performing physical examination, and taking a medical history. If your doctor suspects vitiligo, following tests are suggested to confirm the diagnosis.
Skin biopsy : A small piece of affected tissue is removed and examined under the microscope.
Blood test : A sample of your blood is tested for the levels of vitamin B12 and thyroid hormones.
Your doctor may refer to an eye specialist to identify any inflammation in your eye. He/she may also recommend you to undergo a hearing evaluation because people with vitiligo may have the risk of hearing loss.
Vitiligo Treatment in Dubai
The primary goal of the treatment is to reduce or eliminate the symptoms. Your doctor might suggest any of the following treatments. There are some treatments that are recommended for the vitiligo, that are not dangerous but will help to tone the skin and make an even color. The options are defined below:
Phototherapy with UV light : The UV therapy helps to restore the melanin. The affected area is exposed to UVA and UVB lamps.
Skin camouflage : When the vitiligo is mild, the white patches are camouflaged with cosmetic colored creams and makeup. It can last for 12-18 hours on your face and up to 96 hours for the rest of the body. Most of the topical applications are waterproof.
Depigmenting : This treatment is suggested when the affected area covers more than 50 % of your body. It reduces the skin color in the unaffected area to match with the affected area. Topical ointments or lotions like monobenzone, mequinol or hydroquinone are used.
Topical corticosteroids : Corticosteroids are used to stop the spread of the patches.
Calcipotriene (Dovonex) : It is a form of vitamin D and works by reducing the growth of melanocytes. It may be used in combination with corticosteroids or light therapy.
Surgery : Your doctor might recommend a surgical procedure when the light therapy or the other drugs do not reduce the symptoms. Any of the following surgeries might be recommended:
Skin grafting : Your surgeon removes a small section of the normal skin and attaches to the affected area.
Blister grafting: Your surgeon creates a blister on your pigmented skin and then removes the top of the blisters and transplants them to the affected area.
Tattooing (micropigmentation): The surgery involves the use of a special surgical instrument to implant a pigment into your skin.
We Treat Viltiligo
Vitiligo is an autoimmune skin condition caused by an inappropriate immune response to melanocytes, which are the cells that provide color to our skin. The immune attack of the melanocyte leads to well-defined depigmented, or white, patches of skin. While more striking in people with a darker natural skin color, the condition actually equally affects people of all skin types.
Vitiligo can be categorized into focal (localized), segmental, or generalized disease; with generalized being the most common subtype. The condition often starts insidiously and follows an unpredictable course. In fact, while one patient may have just a few patches or non-progressive disease, the next may have widespread or rapidly changing disease.
Vitiligo is generally asymptomatic, but the psychological impact on patients is typically quite significant. This is especially true because the most commonly affected areas include the face, hands, chest, armpits, and groin.
Depending on the type and severity of the disease, treatment options for vitiligo include topical or systemic steroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, light therapy such as narrow band ultraviolet light (NBUVB), or immune-suppressing medications. While there is no cure for vitiligo, with these treatments patients are often able to regain some of the lost pigment.
Sunscreen : Sunscreen is the best way protect the skin from skin burns and uneven skin. The major goal of the sunscreen is to protect the skin from the UV rays from the sun and make the skin look fresh and healthy even when exposed to sun. This helps to protect the un-pigmented skin and limit the tanning. The Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of sunscreen should not be less then SPF 30. This blocks the erythema and reduces the effect of sunlight on the skin’s DNA.
Cover-up : Cover-up is light make up and self-tanning lotions that helps to hide the vitiligo and make it less obvious. This helps to hide the white macules and is helpful for the affected person to be safe.
Restoring Normal Skin Color : Restoring normal skin color can be a long process, as achieving the original color of the skin can take time. For this the spot treatment and whole body treatment can be done that will eventually help to reduce the impact of vitiligo. Spot treatments can be of three different types.
Spot Treatment : Topical Corticosteroid Creams : The spot treatment will be done initially with the topical corticosteroid cream which is fast and practical with effective results. After this treatment the skin will be monitored for 2 months to observe if there is any sign of early steroid atrophy. Proper physicians are assigned to monitor this to make sure there is no harmful effect of this cream on the skin.
Spot Treatment : Topical Oxsoralen : If the viltiligo is severe the next treatment that can be applied is topical Oxsoralen. This process is highly phototoxic in which the skin is sunburn and this last for 3 days or more. This method is a bit complicated thus should not be applied on large body parts.
Small spots should be treated through this process with highly qualified and experienced physicians. For oral psoralens, more than 15 treatments are required and to finish it with the effectiveness, more than 100 sittings would be required. This is a lengthy process and a bit tricky thus should not be taken for granted.
Spot Treatment : Mini Grafting : Mini grafting is another process that is used to treat the affected area. In this method the normal skin of the patient is transplanted on the affected area. So this can only be done if the effected part is less, else would never be possible as the skin color can be different if taken from other persons.
PUVA will be required to make the skin look unified with no patches. Pebbling of the site may occur if the patient has less normal skin and more effected part. Mini grafting will not be possible in that regard.
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